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All Publications

This article describes the proposed guided pathways model that involves redesigning each part of the student experience, from the stage where students choose programs and start remedial or college-level work to the time of graduation, when they move on to further education or careers, and reviews current reform efforts taking place at over 250 colleges across the United States.

Using national, survey, and college-system-level datasets, this paper estimates the association between stackable credentials and earnings, finding weakly positive and inconsistent gains from these award combinations.

This chapter argues that substantially increasing college completion rates requires comprehensive institutional reform with a focus on measurable student success, an intentional and cohesive package of programmatic components, and a culture of evidence.

This paper addresses empirical challenges in identifying stackable credentials, distinguishes three types of stackable awards, and estimates the numbers of persons who earn such awards. It then discusses the utility of these awards in meeting labor market demands and needs of students.

This paper reviews results from fixed effects models of the earnings gains from completing an associate degree and compares them with ordinary least squares model estimates.

This paper and accompanying brief review recent evidence from eight states on the labor market returns to credit accumulation, certificates, and associate degrees from community colleges using large-scale, statewide administrative datasets.

In this brief, the authors propose three measures of “early momentum” that colleges can use to gauge whether institutional reforms are improving student outcomes.

Based on three sets of analyses, this report to the Greater Texas Foundation recommends ways that state policy could help to improve outcomes for community college transfer students in Texas.

This practice guide presents six evidence-based recommendations for college and university faculty, administrators, and advisors working to improve the success of students academically underprepared for college.

This chapter in the book Matching Students to Opportunity examines the matching process between students and college programs or majors, primarily in community colleges.

This report for The Century Foundation's College Completion Series lays out the open questions on how to reform developmental education.

The authors of this book argue that to substantially increase student completion, community colleges must engage in fundamental redesign, and outline research-based strategies to help colleges achieve this goal.

This practitioner packet summarizes evidence supporting the guided pathways reform model, describes how one college implemented guided pathways, and offers tips for getting started on guided pathways reforms.

In response to a journal article questioning CCRC’s claims about the effectiveness of developmental education, this essay discusses methodological concerns and other issues that may be a source of confusion.

This report discusses the development of FastStart, its program features, and student perspectives, and it presents findings from a quantitative analysis of the FastStart math program.

Thomas Bailey and Clive Belfield consider the role of community colleges, with particular attention to the benefits to workers (as measured by earnings) of certificates and degrees by field of study.

This book chapter discusses community college graduation goals that have been set by the Obama administration, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and Lumina Foundation for Education.

This paper summarizes findings from eight working papers (the Assessment of Evidence Series) that synthesized research on strategies for improving outcomes for community college students, and makes four broad recommendations based on these findings.

This article reviews the existing literature on the economic and other benefits of attending community college and considers the methodological challenges associated with calculating earnings gains from attending a community college.

Prepared for the 2010 White House Summit on Community College, this brief discusses developmental education challenges and describes initiatives designed to improve remedial services.

This paper analyzes patterns of student progression through sequences of developmental education starting from initial referral.

This paper demonstrates that a close analysis of the studies of online learning included in a Department of Education meta-analysis reveals no trend in favor of the online course mode.

Prepared for a Human Resources Development Group Meeting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), this paper discusses a range of issues relevant to the community college mission of helping prepare a skilled workforce for jobs offering reasonable wages.

This guide for district administrators, teachers, and counselors aims to help schools and districts develop practices to increase access to higher education and details the research evidence informing its recommendations.

This report provides detailed findings on state policies and community college practice from CCRC's study of community college noncredit workforce education.

This paper examines evidence on the effectiveness of developmental education and outlines a broad reform agenda for helping students with weak academic skills.

This paper describes how researchers used data on student characteristics and educational outcomes from several federal government sources to explore the legitimacy of the various ways that college effectiveness can be assessed by using measures of student success.

This study uses rigorous quantitative methods to examine the impact of dual enrollment participation on students in Florida and New York City.

This essay describes the characteristics of community college students and discusses the role of the community college in increasing access to higher education by traditionally underserved students.

This book chapter reviews three dominant strategies to create academic linkages between high school and college—remediation, dual enrollment, and the high school/college alignment movement.

This article reveals unique findings from a study that compared educational outcomes of older and traditional-age students.

This working paper explores the impact of students' reasons for enrollment and educational expectations on their outcomes and, thus, on the performance of their college.

This working paper examines the validity of the Student Right-to-Know (SRK) graduation rates as measures of community college performance.

This chapter examines the extent to which career academies deliver on their promises.

This paper presents findings from CCRC's study on the experiences and educational outcomes of older and younger community college students.

This working paper presents a research model that CCRC has developed to better understand the effects of institutional characteristics on student outcomes.

This article discusses the use of regression analysis to evaluate public and private institutions serving vastly different populations.

In this book, CCRC researchers analyze how colleges have tried to improve their performance with respect to low-income students, students of color, and nontraditional students.

This paper discusses how economic, political, social, and demographic factors are changing in ways that will likely increase educational inequality in the United States and hamper productivity growth.

This report analyzes dual enrollment legislation in all 50 states and examines whether these policies promote or inhibit the spread of dual enrollment programs.

This article discusses the economic effects of a community college education using the latest available nationally representative dataset. The authors find substantial evidence that a community college education has positive effects on earnings among young workers, especially those who earn an associate degree.

The authors examine whether postsecondary occupational students, particularly sub-baccalaureate students, are more likely than other types of postsecondary students to achieve educational goals.

This report summarizes statistics on access and attainment in higher education, focusing on community college students, using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988.

This report presents a critical analysis of the state of the research on the effectiveness of specific practices in increasing persistence and completion at community colleges.

This paper examines institutional characteristics that affect the success of community college students as measured by the individual student probability of completing a certificate or degree or transferring to a baccalaureate institution.

This report summarizes the latest available national statistics on access and attainment by low-income and racial/ethnic minority community college students.

This report reviews the state of research on the determinants of student outcomes in community colleges and initiates a program of empirical research on institutional graduation rates.

This report estimates the returns to a sub-baccalaureate education in response to the debate centered on whether vocational education restricts access to a four-year college.

This brief presents a profile of the enrollment, demographic, and educational characteristics and educational goals of community college students in occupational programs.

This report examines the ability of the ATE projects and centers to have a significant and permanent influence on the host colleges and on the system of STEM education in general.

Using case study research conducted at eight community colleges in five states, this report examines the issue of, and controversy over, the ever-expanding missions of community colleges.

This report presents the findings of exploratory research designed to identify the characteristics of the outsourcing of instruction at community colleges and the forces that promote or block its spread.

Focusing on dual enrollment, Tech Prep, AP, IB, and middle college high schools, this report offers a comprehensive look at the evidence base on this rapidly growing group of education initiatives.

This book explores the potential for using work-based learning as part of a broad education reform strategy.

This article provides a researcher's perspective about classification systems for two-year colleges.

This paper discusses the process and impact of the ATE innovation from several different dimensions by examining instructional and institutional factors that affect the process of curriculum integration.

This paper discusses the economic returns to education for African American and Hispanic students and the performance of community colleges in increasing college access for ethnic minority students.

This book examines the origins and early history of the American community college and the role played by Teachers College in that history.

This report is a quantitative analysis of postsecondary occupational education students using national datasets.

This article provides an overview of preexisting relationships between high school and colleges and discusses the promising initiative of dual enrollment.

This paper reports on a two-year research study jointly conducted by CCRC and National Center for Postsecondary Improvement that compares for-profit institutions with community colleges.

This chapter discusses challenges of community colleges, trends leading to enrollment growth, and the controversy over mission expansion, and offers suggestions for reform. A brief version is also available.

CCRC Brief No. 13 focuses on immigrant enrollment in community colleges and two-year associate degree programs in City University of New York (CUNY) senior colleges.

This chapter, published in Perspectives on the Community College: A Journey of Discovery, features a revealing discussion about the new roles of community colleges.

This book chapter discusses the controversial issue of multiple missions of community colleges in the age of digital technology.

This paper outlines an agenda for research on postsecondary vocational education that can be carried out with existing data.

In this report and brief, the authors clarify the underlying assumptions of both sides in the community college multiple missions debate.

This book chapter, published by the American Youth Policy Forum, discusses shaky prospects for successful passages to productive adult lives.